The positive impacts need to be optimized while the negative require avoidance and adequate mitigation.
Details on road rehabilitation interventions will be determined as soon as feasibility studies and final project design have been completed, and these will in part be based on studies that are still ongoing.
It is the lack of detail about the project at this stage that justifies the formulation of an Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF), which will guide how the preparation of the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) and its Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) and possibly the Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) will be made.
The ESMF aims to ensure that the set of actions to be carried out are characterized by:
Environmental and social screening of proposed interventions including Environmental and Social Assessment (ESA) classification and identification of the type of impact assessment to be undertaken
Steps to be taken to prepare an ESIA and ESMP, including an application for approval by the national agency in charge of environmental assessment