“They would have probably stayed for longer if the Spanish hadn’t come.”
Sometimes, the if-clause is implicit. Study this other sentence taken from the article in Let’s read!
“Ramses II was a bit of a megalomaniac, and thank heaven for that, because otherwise he probably wouldn’t have begun building the Karnak temple complex.”
An equivalent sentence would be:
If Ramses II hadn’t been a bit of a megalomaniac, he probably wouldn’t have begun building the Karnak temple complex.
Pay attention to the highlighted parts in the previous sentence. Complete this rule with Past Perfect and would have accordingly. Write the answers in your notebook.
To talk about an imaginary situation in the past, we use the structure If +A and B + Past Participle.
Notice that the punctuation changes depending on the position of the if-clause. Study the examples. In your notebook, complete the rule below replacing the letter with starts or ends.
When the sentence C with the if-clause, we add a comma (,) after it.
a) Lúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer planned Brasília in an innovative style. / UNESCO has recognized it as a World Heritage Site.
If Lúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer had not planned Brasília in an innovative style, UNESCO would not have recognized it as a World Heritage Site.
b) Scientists and engineers have decided to remove sandy soil and marine clay. They have reduced the lean of the Tower of Pisa by 20 inches (50 centimeters).
Source: . Accessed on March 1, 2016.
c) Shah Jahan’s wife, Mumtaz Mahal, died in 1631. Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal as a tribute to her.
d) The Chinese feared invasions. The Chinese built the Great Wall of China.
6. Answer the following questions in your notebook.
Example: What would you do if you saw a colleague planning to graffiti the school wall?
Possible answer: I would have asked him not to do that.
a) What man-made wonder would you have designed if you had been born a hundred years ago?
b) What would you do if you had the chance to talk to people who vandalize public monuments?
c) What would you have advised UNESCO if you had had the chance to contribute to its efforts to protect the World Heritage?
d) What would you build if you had had the opportunity to donate a monument to your community?