Historia enfermeria en Peru indd


The History of Nursing in Peru



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The History of Nursing in Peru: 

Social Determinants of its Construction 

in the Twentieth Century

AbstrAct


Objectives:

 Examine social, cultural and health characteristics as social determinants in the creation, training and development of 

professional nursing in Peru during the twentieth century. 

Materials and methods:

 This descriptive, socio-historical study is based on 

documentary, cross-sectional research combined with oral sources. Seven nursing schools/faculties and 16 interviews with teaching 

professionals were selected. Historical and dialectic materialism served as the theoretical reference for the analysis. 

Results:


 The data 

showed those events to be linked intrinsically to the social, political, cultural and health changes in Peruvian society during its history. 

The problem in professional practice has the same characteristics as professions identified as feminine and is related to the same social 

determinants that result in limited social status for the profession. 

Conclusions:

 This study is intended to reveal situations that will be 

useful to future researchers in nursing schools and faculties, professional nursing associations in Peru, the World Health Organization 

and the Pan American Health Organization as part of an effort to continue to delve into situations related to the nursing profession in Peru 

and throughout Latin America.

Key Words

History of nursing, schools, nursing, history, historiography (source: DeCS, BIREME).



263

Historia de la enfermería en el Perú: determinantes sociales de su construcción en el siglo XX  

l

  Bárbara Barrionuevo-Bonini y otros.



AÑO 14 - VOL. 14 Nº 2 - CHÍA, COLOMBIA - JUNIO 2014  

l

  261-271






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