Examine social, cultural and health characteristics as social determinants in the creation, training and development of
professional nursing in Peru during the twentieth century.
Materials and methods:
This descriptive, socio-historical study is based on
documentary, cross-sectional research combined with oral sources. Seven nursing schools/faculties and 16 interviews with teaching
professionals were selected. Historical and dialectic materialism served as the theoretical reference for the analysis.
showed those events to be linked intrinsically to the social, political, cultural and health changes in Peruvian society during its history.
The problem in professional practice has the same characteristics as professions identified as feminine and is related to the same social
determinants that result in limited social status for the profession.
This study is intended to reveal situations that will be
useful to future researchers in nursing schools and faculties, professional nursing associations in Peru, the World Health Organization
and the Pan American Health Organization as part of an effort to continue to delve into situations related to the nursing profession in Peru
and throughout Latin America.
History of nursing, schools, nursing, history, historiography (source: DeCS, BIREME).
Historia de la enfermería en el Perú: determinantes sociales de su construcción en el siglo XX
Bárbara Barrionuevo-Bonini y otros.