Departamento de Sociologia



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Abstract
The goal of this study is to deepen understanding of the role of Traditional Healing in the experience of mental health in Mozambique and to analyze the possible relations between these themes. The present state of the art is identified through a survey of the social representation of Mental Health and Traditional Healing in the newspaper “Noticias” during the year of 2009 and a case study of the Infulene Psychiatric Hospital based on two years of work there as a therapist.

From the analysis of the social representation it was possible to find that there is a negative connotation of mental illness and mental health patients, while the case study revealed there to be a major presence of Traditional Healing in processes of treatment. Moreover it is found that many psychiatric diagnoses are associated with consumption and abuse of psychoactive substances, especially alcohol.


Key-words: Tradicional Healing, Mental Health, Mozambique, Alcohol



ÍNDICE
Introdução…………………………………………………………………………………….1

I- Estado da Arte………………………………………………………………….…………..4



    1. – Definição de Saúde e Doença…………………………………………………...…….4

    2. Pluralismo Médico em África………………………………………………..………..10

    3. Saúde Mental e Etnopsiquiatria…………………………………………………..…...13

    4. Eficácia Simbólica e Medicina Tradicional………………………………………..….16

II- O Caso de Moçambique………………………………………………………………….21

    1. Apresentação………………………………………………………………………..….21

    2. Pluralismo Médico em Moçambique…………………………………………..……....21

    3. Medicina Tradicional Vs Biomedicina……………………………………………...…28

      1. Caracterização da Medicina Tradicional………………………………………….30

    4. Práticas Terapêuticas e Igrejas Africanas………………………………………………37

    5. Medicina Tradicional Vs Modernidade………………………………………………..39

    6. Guerra e Stress Pós-Traumático em Moçambique……………………………………..40

    7. Saúde Mental e Medicina Tradicional: existe convergência?.........................................44

      1. Representações sociais sobre doença mental: O tema da Medicina Tradicional e da Saúde Mental na imprensa escrita em Moçambique (2009) – caso do Jornal “Notícias”…………………………………………………………………………45

III Estudo de Caso: O Hospital Psiquiátrico do Infulene……………………………………51

    1. Apresentação do caso………………………………………………………………..…53

    2. Redes familiares comunitárias no processo terapêutico de doentes mentais…………..55

    3. Álcool e Doença Mental………………………………………………………………..58

Conclusão……………………………………………………………………………………66

Bibliografia…………………………………………………………………………………68






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