Nível de dificuldade: Difícil – Habilidade do ENEM: H5; H6; H7
Teenagers 'mismatched' job ambitions There is a "massive mismatch" between young people's career expectations and the reality of the jobs available, a major survey of teenagers suggests.
It highlights the need for better careers advice, says Nick Chambers, director of the Education and Employers Taskforce, which published the survey. The study also indicates teenagers have a very weak understanding of potential earnings for different types of jobs. There is a serious "information gap" for teenagers, says Mr Chambers.
The study, based on a survey of 11,000 13- to 16-year-olds, is an attempt to map the job ambitions of teenagers against the employment market up to 2020. It shows teenagers have a weak grasp of the availability of jobs - and that large numbers will be aiming for jobs that are in short supply.
For instance, there are 10 times as many people aiming for jobs in the culture, media and sports sector than there are jobs likely to be available. And even though almost a quarter of jobs are in the distribution, hotels and restaurant category, only about one in 40 youngsters are considering careers in these industries.
Fewer than one in 30 young people are considering jobs in banking and finance, even though one in five jobs are expected to be in this sector.
The report also looks at the perceptions of young people about types of employment. Among the 10 least preferred occupations are jobs such as surveyor and speech therapist, even though they are likely to earn above-average pay.