Secret Germany: Biography and History in the George Circle. ABSTRACT:
The present dissertation aims to analyse Ernst Kantorowicz’s work, Kaiser Friedrich der Zweite, published in 1927, and its relation to the German national identity’s
substantiation during the Weimar Republic. Ernst Kantorowicz was a member of the
George Circle, one of the most important cultural movements in Germany during the first
three decades of twentieth century. Taking in account his contributions to the George
Circle on the debate on History and historiography, the analysis of Kantorowicz’s work
should be inseparable of the ideas of the George Circle.
This work is divided in three chapters: the first one presents the poet, Stefan
George, and the formation’s process of his Circle. The second shows the ideas of the Circle
about the historical knowledge and the main concepts formulated by some members of the
George Circle. The last one analyses Kantorowicz’s work in order to observe how the
biography of the Emperor Frederick II contributed to found the ground and reinterpretat
the German national identity in its relation to the historiography of the George Circle.